Stress – causes, symptoms, management – Commons Signs

Stress Commons Signs

Human beings are able to express emotions and this depends on the mood and the factors from the environment that influences it. Everyday life involves stress and nervousness as well due to family, work and community matters. Stress in small quantities can help the performance of urgent tasks and this also encourages motivation. However, constant stress is not good for the human health. Where there is too much stress, it leads to various health issues and complications. It is good to recognize the symptoms of stress in order to avoid its causes and do what it takes to reduce it for the benefit of the body and mind.

Stress from the medical point of view is represented by a reaction of the nervous system to a threat. This reaction involves the release of special stress hormones that include adrenaline and cortisol. Due to this, the body organs start to work in a different way. Mainly the heart starts to beat faster, the muscles are tightened and the blood pressure levels are increased. The breath is also done in a quicker mode and the human sense become sharper than in normal environment. These changes have the main purpose to strengthen the body and speed up the reaction for preparing to fight or run away from the danger. This is how the human body is constructed.

Stress represents a normal response of the human body if there are any threats involved and this is called the stress response. This is used for protection purposes. In alert situation it helps concentrate and stay focused, as well as energetic. In emergency cases, stress can save the individual’s life while the body prepares itself for defending. In other cases, stress can help stay focused and fulfill the work within the given deadlines and meet the challenges. However, there is nothing worse than too much stress or constant stress which is causing a lot of damage both physically and emotionally and this influences the individual’s relationship with others and his/her productivity, as well as his/her mood and the quality of overall life.

There are tips that teach how to respond to stress and how to recognize when it occurs to avoid losing it out of control. Sometimes, when there is too much stress every day, the individual may get used to it and the constant stress can actually affect very much the individual’s health and lifestyle, including the mind, body, behavior. Every person experiences stress in an individual way, however the symptoms are most likely to be the same generally. There are certain types of responses that are related to stress: angry stress response, depressive stress response and the frozen stress response.

The first is the angry stress response that involves very strong emotions and the individual is not able to sit in one place. There is also depressive stress response that makes the individual to look closed, shut down and without energy or emotions. There is as well tensed and frozen stress responses that make the individual look paralyzed, even if emotionally it involves extreme agitation. These are the most common response to stress when people experience it. Even if the responses are still individual, they have been categorized due to the intensity and the specific of the response.

There are certain symptoms of stress that are mostly common. These symptoms are classified in 4 groups that involve the cognitive symptoms, emotional symptom, physical symptoms and behavioral symptoms. The cognitive symptoms include memory problems, the inability to concentrate anxious thoughts, constant worrying, as well as poor judgment and seeing only the negative in things. Emotional symptoms include change in the mood, irritability, short temper, agitation, inability to relax, depression that may as well go with general unhappiness, feeling lonely and isolated, and feeling overwhelmed. The behavioral symptoms are eating too much or too little, sleeping too much or too little, using alcohol, cigarettes or drugs to relax, having nervous habits, as well as isolation, procrastinating things and not feeling responsible for things that need to be done. The last type of symptoms is the physical ones that involve pain in the chest, rapid heartbeats, loss of sex drive, frequent colds, diarrhea or constipation, aches and pains, nausea and dizziness.

The more symptoms the individual identifies in himself/herself, the more likely he/she is to express the stress. However, it should be taken into consideration that these symptoms may be due to other thing and other psychological issues. People who experience the above mentioned signs of stress should seek for doctor’s help for a complete evaluation. By conducting the associated tests and investigation, the doctor can then determine if these symptoms are related to stress or are due to other conditions and causes.

Too much stress can lead to serious damage and due to this, every individual must know his/her limits. Of course it different from one person to another, so as the ability to tolerate it, which depends on many factors that involve the emotional development, general idea of life, the individual’s relationships and genetics. There are some factors that influence the stress tolerance level. Among them there is the supporting group of friends and relatives that are great helpers in stressful situations. This way, the more vulnerable the individual is, the greater he/she is vulnerable to stress. The sense of control is another factor here and this usually goes together with self-confidence.

The individual’s attitude towards the stressful situation is another factor. Optimistic people who have easier attitude towards stress are accepting changes and challenges in their lives and think positive towards it. Another factor is the ability to deal with emotions. Individuals who don’t manage to calm themselves or are not good with keeping it cool are generally vulnerable to stress. Anger, sadness, fear, these are emotions that such people may not be good at controlling. Keeping it all in a good balance is a good way to manage stress. The knowledge factor is also important. Being informed, as well as prepared in various stressful situations and knowing how to deal with it will help a lot on coping with it.

There are various triggers that lead to stress and they are usually called stressors. Among them there is pressure and other negative influences like exhaustion, not a fruitful relationship. Anything that puts some high demands on the individual and makes him/her adjust to the new situation is stressful. Getting married or purchasing a house, as well as any other important events on the person’s life can cause stress. However, the person’s perception of stress is important. A thing may be stressful for one person and not stressful at all for another.

There are external and internal causes and among the most common external causes of stress are work, financial issues, busy schedule, major life changes, children and family, difficulties in relationship. Internal causes of stress are mostly related to emotions and states that can be generated by the individual himself, like pessimism, negative thinking, perfectionism, unrealistic expectations, inability to accept uncertainty, lack of assertiveness, etc. The human body has no distinction when it comes to physical or psychological threats, that is why it reacts equally to all types of triggers and causes. An exposure to stress for a longer period of time can result in serious health issues and the chronic stress may occur.

The long-term stress, or chronic stress interferes with almost all activities in the human body. This way, the chronic stress leads to increasing the blood pressure levels, interferes with the immune system, increases the risks for heart attack and stroke, can as well contribute to infertility. Chronic stress can as well speed up aging. Long-term stress can interfere with the brain and the individual becomes more vulnerable to anxiety and depression. Stress can cause such conditions like digestive issues, sleep problems, depression, obesity, autoimmune deficiency, skin conditions like eczema, pain, etc.

The best way to deal with stress and the related symptoms is by means of control. People are able to control thoughts, emotions, the environment and the way they deal with various issues, as well as with their own program. Stress management techniques involve changing the stressful situation when possible and changing the reaction to it, as well as taking care to rest and using such stress reduction methods like relaxation.

Knowing how to relax and distress is a good way to manage it. Some people choose to practice yoga, medication, deep breathing, and other that when practiced on a regular basis can reduce stress very much and bring instead to pleasant emotions and good mood. These relaxation techniques also train the individual’s ability to stay calm and gathered during pressure. Stress can not be avoided form an individual’s life completely and while it can sometimes be prevented, it is usually out of people’s control. However people can control how much it affects them and take measures to avoid external, as well as internal stressors.

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