Migraine must be treated! Migraine is a widespread disease and one of the leading causes of disability in patients. The disease affects not only the social activity of patients, but is also often associated with a waste of health resources. Prevalence of migraine reaches 6% in men and 15-18% in women.
Population studies show that more than 60% of patients independently use non-effective analgesics, which often leads to a more severe course of migraine. And today the doctor’s very important task is to choose the optimal scheme for stopping migraine attacks for each individual patient, taking into account the frequency of seizures, their severity, provoking factors, possible concomitant diseases. Many patients manage to control attacks of migraine of mild and moderate severity with the help of non-prescription drugs. At the same time, a large number of patients receive such drugs only a brief and very slight pain relief, and they usually increase the number of medications taken and the frequency of their administration.
. They make decisions, for example, under the influence of advertising, pharmacy staff, friends, acquaintances, relatives and, unfortunately, do not often seek help from a doctor. However, even if the patient still decided to entrust the management of his migraine to a professional, doctors often prescribe drugs based on their own preferences, clinical experience, established stereotypes and can give extremely fuzzy recommendations. At the same time, there are international recommendations for the management of migraine attacks, which provide the doctor with a clear algorithm that can treat migraines as effectively as possible.
Many people take standard painkillers as Aspirine but in most severe cases they don’t help at all.
So when the usual painkillers do not help, you can take triptans (Sumatriptan). Triptans – a group of drugs that suppress headaches.
First of all, it is necessary to remember that triptans are not anesthetics, they interact with receptors of serotonin (5-HT receptors) in the brain. Presumably, changes in the work of 5-HT receptors cause migraine.
Unlike analgesics, which must be taken at the first sign, triptans should not be taken too soon.
The first dose of triptans should be taken when there is a headache, but not earlier – otherwise they simply will not work.
Side effects in the case of triptans – is a quite rare and short phenomenon.
Possible side effects include fever, ringing in the ears, redness of the face, a feeling of heaviness or pressure in the hands, legs, chest, dizziness, in very rare cases – nausea. Sumatriptan may cause drowsiness.