People may sometimes feel unhappy or just tired and sad for a few days, However, these do not involve serious things because these states are usually ending very fast. Depression is a much deeper state when the individual feels constantly and deeply sad for more than several weeks or months. There are people who think that depression is not a health condition, however studies show that it is a real illness and has symptoms and that affects the individual in a very serious way. This is far from being a simple weakness, because sometimes people with depression may be capable of various things that can be harmful for them and for those around them.
There is treatment for depression and it can be efficient in making people feel better and actually get rid of it by reaching a full recovery. The symptoms of depression are varied for different people. It generally beings with long-lasting sadness and goes on with losing interest in things that the individual used to enjoy. It is common for people with depression to experience anxiety as well. Among the other symptoms there are the physical ones that involve constant tiredness and sleeping, reduced or lack of sex drive and appetite, as well as complaining on aches and pain. Depression can vary by its intensity and there are instances when people have a low spirit and are not particularly interested din doing anything, while severe depression may end up with suicidal thoughts. Low mood may improve after some time, however it may not always be considered a sign related to depression.
Symptoms of depression can be complex and can vary from person to person. Depression symptoms can interfere with the individual’s ability to work and social life, as well as with family life due to its persistence for long periods of time. Depression can present three types of symptoms: psychological, physical and social symptoms. The psychological ones are mostly related to emotions and feelings of being hopeless and helpless, tearful, guilt-ridden, difficulty to make decisions, lack of motivation, anxious or worried, as well as thought of harming yourself or of committing suicide.
The social symptoms are bad work performance, not taking part in social events and activities and not interacting with friends, neglecting hobbies and interests, etc. If depression symptoms are present for more than 2 weeks and are felt every day during this period, the individual should seek for help with his/her doctor. Depression can appear gradually and sometimes it is hard to tell if the individual is having it. Sometimes people try to live with it and do not notice when it becomes an illness.
There are 3 types of depression: mild, moderate and severe types. The mild depression has only a small impact on the individual’s daily life, while moderate depression has a significant impact on the individual’s day by day life. Severe depression seriously affects the individual’s day by day activities very much and he/she is nearly impossible to perform daily activities and lead a normal day by day life. There are instances when people have psychotic symptoms which are the most severe forms. There is also postnatal depression in women who have recently had a baby. This form is treated as the rest types of depression with therapy and antidepressants. Bipolar depression is the also called “manic depression” that involves depression with and excessive high mood or maniacal behavior that can be harmful for the individual.
There is also seasonal affective disorder or the “winter disorder” that is a form of depression that has a seasonal pattern and is usually related to winter. Depression can sometimes go with grief and while these two may look the same, they have some specific differences. Grief represents a natural emotion that comes as a result of a loss, but depression is already an illness. People who feel grief are sad but not all the time and they still manage to enjoy certain moments and make plans for future. Depression does not go away and it involves a constant feeling of sadness. People suffering from it do not enjoy anything and it is hard for them to be positive about the future.
Causes of depression are multiple and they usually don’t go alone. People can develop depression from various reasons and due to different factors that influence it. Stressful events like divorce, bereavement and relationship breakdowns can be the triggers. In case of such events, if the individual stops seeing family and friends, he/she has a higher risk for developing depression this way. People think that they can deal with such problems on their own but this is not easy at all. Illness can also be the cause of depression, especially such instances like coronary heart disease or cancer. Severe head injury can lead to mood swings and emotional problems. Personality issues can also lead to the development of depression. Low self-esteem, being too critical to the own person and other instances can be the cause. These issues may be due to the inherited behavior form the parents, as well as be a result of the earlier life experience. Family history is also important and it can influence the development of depression because children are at higher risk if their parents or grandparents suffered from it. Loneliness is also a cause of depression, especially for emotional people. Alcohol and drugs can be the trigger too. People think that with drugs and alcohol they can relax, but the truth is that these both bring to even more depression, moreover alcohol which is a strong depressant.
People have a tendency to wait for some time before they can decide to go to the doctor. However, this is not a good idea. Such things should not be delayed and the sooner the individual visits a doctor, the better for his/her recovery. There are people who become depressed for no obvious reason and discussing it with a psychologist will point out the issue. While depression has a tendency to occur with the advance in age, depression can as well affect children and parents need to notice it from the beginning and see k for appropriate help.
With the help of specific treatment, depression can reduce its symptoms and people can return to their normal lives. This mostly involves medication and therapy and sometimes they can go in combination. The type of medication or therapy depends on the form of depression. It is also possible to live with depression by making lifestyle changes like doing exercising and reducing the intake of alcohol and eating healthy. Coping with depression also involves support from relatives, family and friends.