Anxiety and the associated disorders as medical conditions


Anxiety

Anxiety represents a normal emotion that is characteristic for human beings at different times during the everyday life. Anxiety or nervousness appears when the individual is facing a problem, while taking a test, taking decisions, etc. However, the anxiety disorders are different than the usual anxiety. The anxiety as a medical condition can lead to distress and other complications that are generally interfering with the individual’s normal life.

 

There are various types of anxiety disorders and among these there is the panic disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, the post-traumatic stress disorder, as well as the social anxiety disorder, certain phobias and the generalized anxiety disorder. Anxiety disorder is considered to be a serious mental illness and people who suffer from it are in constant fear and worry and can as well be crippling. Each type of anxiety disorder has its own particularity ad even if some may be hard to guess and doctors will need to conduct special tests to ensure that the diagnose it set appropriately, others are very evident.

 

The panic disorder is mainly characterized by constant feelings of terror which appear suddenly and repeatedly. This also includes sweating, chest pain, feeling of choking, irregular heartbeats, etc. the obsessive-compulsive disorder is described by constant thoughts or fears that lead to people performing certain routines and rituals that are determined by obsessions. The rituals are called compulsions and may include a person constantly fearing of something and constantly doing something to supposedly get rid of the fear.

 

The post-traumatic stress disorder represents the case when the individual had experienced a traumatic or even terrifying event, like sexual assault, physical assault, unexpected death or a close person, natural disaster, etc. These people have very vivid memories of the incident and are very emotional. The social anxiety disorders are called phobias and includes worry, for example the fear of being judged by others, as well as a behavior that may lead to embarrassment, etc. specific phobias include intense fear of something specific, object or situation. The generalized anxiety disorder is the excessive and unrealistic worry.

 

The symptoms of anxiety disorder are various and they depends on the type of disorder. There are general symptoms that include panic, fear, uncontrollable and obsessive thoughts, as well as repeated thoughts and flashbacks of traumatic events or incidents, nightmares and problems sleeping, ritualistic behavior, cold and sweaty hands and feet, shortness of breath, palpitations, dry mouth, inability to stay silent and calm, shortness of breath, nausea, muscle tension, dizziness, etc.

 

The causes of anxiety disorders are so far unknown, but what is known is the fact that these disorders are not due to a weak personality or poor childhood education. It is a mental illness and most of such disorders are caused by a combination of many factors that also involve surrounding stress and changes in the brain. The hormonal imbalance in the body, as well as the imbalance of chemicals in the brain due to constant and long-term stress can lead to changes in the mood or memory. Studies also showed that it is something related to hereditary matters, as well as to trauma and people who have it going in the family are more likely to develop it.

 

Anxiety disorders usually begin at an earlier age like childhood, adolescence and adulthood. These usually occur more in women than in men. Before the diagnosis, the doctor will need to conduct specific tests and evaluation to identify the right form of it. In case no physical illness is pointed out, the individual will then speak to a psychiatrist, psychologist or a mental health professional. They usually use special tools and evaluation methods to point out the disorder. Symptoms are also taken into consideration and help in identifying the specific anxiety disorder that the individual is suffering from.

 

Treatment for such disorder is various and also depends on the form of the illness. Usually there is one way of treatment or a combination of several methods to help reduce the symptoms. This way, medication is used in the form of anti-depressants and anxiety-reducing medicine. Psychotherapy is a method of counseling that is helping with the emotional side of the mental illness. There are also other types of therapy, like cognitive-behavioral therapy and relaxation therapy, as well as dietary changes and the adoption of a healthier lifestyle.

 

Prevention for anxiety disorder is not possible, however certain things may be helpful in controlling the symptoms, like reducing the intake of caffeine, energy drinks and chocolate, avoiding over-the-counter medication that can increase anxiety symptoms, as well as seeking for help in case of any traumatic events or extremely stressful experiences.

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